英国社会文化知识点试题

来源:材料报告 发布时间:2020-03-06 00:22:15 点击:
chapter 1 A general survey 1、 UK全称 Official name ---the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ----the United Kingdom of the UK 每个nation的capital Capital city National Emblem England London rose Scotland Edinburgh Thistle 蓟花 Wales Cardiff 加的夫 Daffodil 水仙花 Northern Ireland Belfast 贝尔法斯特 Shamrock 三叶草 2、 Northern Ireland Lough Neaghthe largest lake in Britain which covers an area of 396 k㎡ 内伊湖 3、Scotland Ben Nevisthe highest mountain in Britain(本尼维斯山) 4、Edinburgh 1.the capital city of Scotland 2.economic center of Scotland 3.a tourist city second only to London in UKRoyal Miles Princes Street皇家英里大道王子大街 (1)Edinburgh castle十字皇宫)symbol of Edinburgh situated on a mound of Vol (2) Windsor castle温莎城堡)largest occupied castle (3) Holyrood palace(荷里路德宫)the official residence(住处) of the Monarch of the United Kingdom in Scotland,located at the bottom of the Royal Mile in Edinburgh,at the opposite end to Edinburgh Castle The stone of destiny命运之石 Coronation stone 加冕石referred to in England Referendum 苏格兰公投 5、 England Mountain-the Pennines北乃恩山脉 Backbone of the central Northern England London East-poor West-rich important river in London Thames泰晤士河 London Eyethe largest Ferris Wheel 摩天轮 in Europe/ Big BenElizabeth Tower the largest four-faced chiming clock Westminster Abbey 威斯敏斯特教堂 Palace of Westminster 威斯敏斯特宫 House of Parliament 国会大厦 Buckingham Palace 白金汉宫 3、 Further ination National currency(本国货币) GBPGreat Britain Pound(英镑) National day Queen’s Birthday 2nd Saturday of June since 1952实际April 21,1926 National flag Union Flag adopted on Jan 1st 1801 National flowerrose LocationWestern Europe 6、Geography QDescribe the geographical position of Britain .Location ---Located off the northwest coast of Europe ---an island country surrounded by four seas .to the south by the English Channel,which separates it from continental Europe .to the east by the North Sea .to the west by the Irish sea .to the north by the Atlantic Ocean 7、Land People .very unevenly distributed90 urban 10 rural .Britain multiracial society and 1 in 20 people are of non-European ethnicity 8、Climate a Favorable Maritime Climate(海洋性气候) Q .a rainy,changeable and unpredictable weather .mild(温和的)winters and cool summers .a steady and reliable(稳定的) rainfall throughout the year .a small range of temperature4-6℃ in the north in Winter,and 12-17℃ in the south in summer And Factor 影响因素 .The surrounding waters Q .south-west winds .North Atlantic Drift(北大西洋漂流) 9、The British Isles,Great Britain,England,the United Kingdom and the British Commonwealth Official name The British Isles -----Great Britain England,Wales,Scotland -----Northern Irelandalso known as Ulster -----The Republic of Ireland also the Irish Republic,erly Eire -----Numerous smaller islands British Isles United Kingdom Ireland Republic Northern Of Ireland Ireland Great Britain Scotland Wales England Wales England Chapter2. Government 1、政治体制--议会制君主立宪制 Constitutional Monarchy 君主立宪制 Parliamentary Democracy 议会民主制 2、Monarch 君主 Queen ElizabethⅡ Born April 21,1926 Queen since June 2,1952 Officially the head of state,the country is actually run By the government and led by the Prime Minister 3、Magna Carta Great Charter 大宪章 King Johnagreed in 1215 QWhat powers does the Queen have -She reigns but does not rule 临朝不理政 Theoretically,she is the source of all government powers .an integral part of the legislature .head of the cutive,legislative and judiciary branches .the commander-in-chief of all armed forces of the Crown .”supreme governor”of the Church of England 4、Parliament Legislative body Located in Westminster QParliament consists of the Sovereign,the House of Lords the House of Commons Parliament (a French word for a talking-place .Females allowed to vote until 1918 .A by-election is held when a Member of Parliament dies,retires or resigns 递补选举 QMain Function of Parliament.to make laws .to control and criticize the cutive government .to control the raising and the spending of money .to debate the major issues of the day The House of Lords 上议院 Consists of the Lords Spiritual神职议员 and the lords Temporal 世俗议员)with the Lord chancellor(大法官)as the President of the House The head of the House of Commons--the Speaker 议长 Next only to the Prime Minister House of Commons number of members 650 5.cutive 行政 cutive bodythe Sovereign,Prime Minister Cabinet No.10 Downing Street 唐宁街

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