公开课过去分词作宾语补足语ppt课件.ppt

来源:学年自我鉴定 发布时间:2020-03-06 00:23:16 点击:
过去分词做宾语补足语 Grammar 1 We think him clever 2 They consider the answer correct 3 Everyone calls him Tom 某些及物动词 直接宾语 宾语补足语 一般句型一般句型 1 有些及物动词 接了 意义仍不完整 还 需要其他成分 来补充说明宾语的意义 状态等 称为 简称 2 过去分词做宾语补足语 表示 或宾语所处的 3 分词与宾语具有 即宾语是过去分 词动作的 状态 被动 宾语 完成 动宾关系 承受者 宾语补足语宾补 概念概念 1 His father named him Daming 2 They painted their house white 3 You mustn t force him to lend his money to you 4 Nobody noticed him enter the room 5 We saw her entering the room 名词 动词不定式 现在分词或其短语 形容词 省略to的动词不定式 哪些可以做宾补 5 We must get the work finished by 10 o clock 6 We take English as a useful tool for research work 7 Whenever you may go you will find him at work 8 Let the fresh air in 9 The plant has its own name You cannot call it what you will 过去分词 用as引出 介词短语 副词 从句 过去分词作宾语补足语 四种情况 归纳1 表示 意义的使役动词 如 等 后接宾语 其宾语后可接过去分词做宾补 表 示 致使 使 have make get keep leave 使某人 某事被做 I had my hair yesterday cut He got his telephone open He got his glasses broken He got his camera damaged He got his wallet stolen He had his hair He had his clothes He had his room He had his walls He had his bike cut wash clean paint repair cut washed cleaned painted repaired 1 意为 主语请别人做某事 表被动 He has his eyes examined tomorrow 2 意为 使完成某事 事情既可以是别人做 也可以由 主语自己做 表完成 He had the walls painted this morning 他今早把墙漆了 主语自己可能参与 3 意为 主语遭遇不测的事情 表意外 Be careful or you ll have your hands hurt have 宾语 过去分词 Note1 I saw them by two men robbed 归纳2 表示 的动词后接宾语 其宾语后可接 做宾补 如 等 表示 感观或心理状态 过去分词 see watch notice hear listen to feel think find observe 感受到某人或某事被做 rob I saw him blamed by his mother blame I saw bite him bitten by a dog I saw him beaten by his mother I saw him knocked down by a car Knock down 1 当他到达的时候 他发现所有的工作都做完了 When he arrived he all the work 2 我们可以听到沉重的雨滴打在窗户 We can the windows by the heavy rain drops foundfinished hear beaten 即学即练即学即练 Note 2 I saw him get off the bus I saw him knocked down by a car I saw him lying on the road just now to do 整个过程 ed 被动 ing 主动 现在分词 过去分词与不定式作补语的区别 I found Tom s hair I found his room I found his bike I found his clothes I found the walls cut wash clean paint repair cut cleaned repaired washed painted Fill in the blanks I heard someone me I heard my name I found Tom the window I found the window calling called break broken I had my watch repaired I had my room cleaned I had my foot injured She found his hair cut She found his clothes washed She found his room cleaned have sth sb done find sth sb done He got his leg injured He got his camera damaged He got his glasses broken get sth sb done I saw him beaten by his mother I saw him bitten by a dog I saw him robbed by a man see sth sb done I made him punished make sth sb done I watched him killed watch sth sb done 归纳3 表示 的动词如 相当于过去分词短语前省略了 表示 希望 要求某人或某事被做 I wish these letters to be typed as soon as possible He didn t want such question to be discussed at the meeting The father wants his daughter to be taught the piano 意欲 命令 want wish like order to be 归纳4 with 宾语 过去分词 结构中 过去 分词用作介词 with 的宾语补足语 1 The murderer was brought in with his hands behind his back 凶手被带进来了 他的双手被绑在背后 2 With water we can see the steam 水一被加热 我们就会看到水蒸气 3 With the matter we all went home 事情得到解决 我们都回家了 tied heated settled unfinished My mother never allow me to play computer games with my homework finish 省略to的情况 1 情态动词 除ought 外 ought to 2 使役动词 let have make 3 感官动词 see watch look at notice observe hear listen to smell feel find 等后作宾补 省略to 注意 在被动语态中则to不能省掉 I saw him dance He was seen to dance The boss made them work the whole night They were made to work the whole night Note 3 1 I make her wait for an hour She was made by me for an hour 她被迫等了一个小时 to wait 2 I saw him dance He was seen by me to dance 使役动词和感官动词 等作宾补 省略to 注意 在被动语态中则to不能省掉 1 With all the problems solve he felt relaxed 过去 solved to solve 2 With all the noise go on I couldn t concentrate on my study 现在 going 3 With all the problems solve the new president will have a hard time 将来 各个击破各个击破 下列各句均有一处错误 请指出并改正 1 I found the game excited 2 We usually work only five hours a day so we have plenty of spare time visit the area and have fun 3 I want to have the flowers deliver to my mother on Mother s Day 4 Would you like to get the building complete this week 5 He made his house be decorated by a famous company exciting to delivered completed 1 Laws that punish parents for their little children s actions against the laws get parents A worried B to worry C worrying D worry A 2 The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see the next year A carry out B carrying out C carried out D to carry out C the plan 3 With a lot of difficult problems the newly elected president is having a hard time A settled B settling C to settle D being settled 4 With trees flowers and grass everywhere my native town had taken a new look A planting B planted C to plant D to be planted A B 5 I can make you what I say but you can t make yourself in English A understand understand B understand understood C to understand understand D understand to be understood B 6 He found them at a table A sat to play chess B sitting to play chess

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